An Introduction to Singapore


Overview

This page gives you an introduction to Singapore so that you can have better understand to this small country.

Singapore or Singapura is a city or country in Southeast Asia. Singapura is a Malay word. Singa means Lion and pura means City. That is why Singapore is also known as Lion City.

This Lion City was founded as a British Colony in 1918 and it had been developed into one of the world’s busiest port today. You may find lots of modern skyscrapers everywhere mixed together with a taste of traditional Chinese, Indian and Malay influences buildings. Combining with great taste food, fantastic shopping, exciting nightlife, first-class airport and connections to the rest of the world, this Lion City is a great stopover

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Brief History

According to legend, Singapore was part of the Srivijayan Empire in the 13th century.

Began in 1819, Singapore was founded by Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles and he declare Singapore a free port, with no duties charged on trade. This policy had drawn traders from far and wide and turns her into one of the Asia’s busiest port.

When World War II broke out, Singapore was seen as a formidable British base; with several naval defenses guarding against assault by sea. However, to their surprise, the Japanese chose to cross Malaya by bicycle instead. Despite with all the effort to hold the Japanese, Singapore had surrendered on 1942 with less than a week of fighting. The Japan occupation lasted for three years and eight months with the return of the British in 1945. After the war, Singapore became a British Colony.

Singapore had joined Malaysia for a short time in 1963 when the British left, but Singapore left Malaysia and became independent on 9 August 1965. Since then, Singapore's economy boom for the subsequent forty years and become one of the four East Asian Tigers.

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People

The people of Singapore are largely descendants of immigrants from the Malay Peninsula, China and the Indian sub-continent.

Singapore has a population of about 5 millions. Despite of its small size, Singapore is seen as a multi-racial country with the largest group is Chinese who made up of 75% of the population. The rest of the population of Singapore is made up of Malay (14%), Indians (9%) and Eurasians (2%).

Although the National language is Malay but English is atill used in Singapore as a language of administration. Most of the people in Singapore speak fluent English. At times, you will hear some Singlish too. Singlish is a mixture of English, Malay, Hokkien.

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Weather

There are no different seasons in Singapore. The Singapore weather is usually sunny with the hottest period during from April to June and while most of the rainfalls take place during November to January. It will always be good to have the umbrella with you when come to Singapore. It will be useful for either sunny or rainy days.

There are many festival and events throughout the whole year. I will just name a few here and you may read more in here.

Keep an eye out for the Singapore Food Festival, held every year in July. The festival comprises of weekly core events, themed celebrations, culinary workshops and competitions organized across the whole Singapore

Look out for the Computer shows on every quarterly (March, June, September and December) throughout the whole year. Lots of computer and electronics goodies are up for grab during the show.

All shoppers take note, you can expect the Great Singapore Sales starting from May to July. Clothing, shoes, bags and many more are selling at a amazing discounted price. Remember to bring more extra lugguage for all you stuff when you come to Singapore.

Exciting event like Formula One night race is held in September. In 2008, Singapore had the privilege to host the first night-time event in Formula One history and it was staged on a street circuit, with the Singapore skyline as the backdrop.


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Food

The people in Singapore loves to makan (eat in Malay). There are many hawker centers and 24-hour coffee shops offering cheap and a mix of Malay, Chinese, Indian and Western food. Restaurants who offer fine dinning can be found across the country too.

Lots of details about Singapore food is shown here.


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Shopping

There are plenty of places for you to shop in Singapore. You can either choose to shop comfortably in the air-con shopping malls (E.g. Vivo City or Suntec City) or you can choose to shop in the neighborhood stores.

Cannot wait start to start shopping in Singapore? You can follow this Singapore Shopping link to find out more.


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Economy

Singapore had grows exponentially since independence and it has become one of the world's most prosperous countries with the world's busiest port.

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Geography

Singapore is located at the southern tip of the Malayan Peninsula between Malaysia and Indonesia and has a total land area of 699 km². At present, Singapore has over 60 smaller islands around the main island.

Hope that you have gained much knowledge from this Introduction to Singapore.


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